In spite of growth in average GDP of India, the discrimination in annual pay of men and women still exists.
In spite of growth in average GDP of India, the discrimination in annual pay of men and women still exists. According to the International Labour Organization, the wages inequality exists in India till today, even after passing two decades of growth. Results of Survey agencies also convey high-level gender pay inequity.
Surprisingly, the informality noted in wage policies has not changed even after looking into wage trends.
It influences the working zone that is getting affected by low wages. It creates dissatisfaction and low job security in them. Till date, women earn less than men on an average. Indian market is the victim of gender discrepancies and it still continues to do so.
Though there is an increase in overall wages, women’s income is found to be lesser than men’s.
Though the gap in wages has decreased compared to previous reports, but still, the wage gap exists which hopefully will decrease more in the future.
There needs to be an increase in the momentum of reduction in the pay gap. It is noticed that even after higher education the inequalities are intact between genders.
If people had let go of their age-old work beliefs, inequalities and discriminations would have eradicated and doubled the per capita growth in most Indian organizations of the last 60 years. As it is evident, the urban employees earn more than those in rural areas, however; the pay gap between genders is same in both the areas.
Scrutinizing the data through the angle of gender exposed discrepancies with women having the least wages in every sector,
We can know how to avoid this situation? What are the steps to be taken to bring this pay gap down?
1. Government should come up with measures to create transparency with respect to salary among the organizations. Companies create the culture of secrecy regarding salaries which restrict employees from discussing pay. Which in-turn saves money of businesses and employers under the pressure of cost do not pay heed to the dissatisfaction that it leads to. Companies never explain their pay structure in detail by making excuses like company policy or secrecy is to be maintained, here the government should intervene by reviewing their remuneration structure and even ask companies to make it mandatory to share the details of the employees pay.
2. Companies must pay attention to their remuneration data and acknowledge the difference in pay between men and women. Till now, we have never heard organization taking measures against gender pay discrimination. Women should be paid based on their performance rather than the tag of being married or not. Indian companies generally have this conception that a woman should be paid less considering that she may leave in the organization in the near future for reasons like getting married or giving birth to a child. They should be paid based only on the basis of their work and merits irrespective of the gender.
3. Women need to demand what they deserve. It has been seen that women rarely raise their voice against such biases. As India has always been persistently under male domination most Indian women are brought up with the idea that they are not the sole source of earning in the family. Making their career secondary and societal concepts like marriage and family being of primary importance. As this thought has taken up a rigid place in the minds of working women, they lose the passion and become comfortable to work in whatever pay available. Awareness amongst woman needs to be created and such a woman need to be encouraged to have a voice of their own. Once women would start taking action against such inequity, it will bring change in the attitude of the companies too. Equal wage for equal work is our constitutional right! Revolution begins at home, so it’s the duty of every working woman to ask for their right.